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Phobias: How to Deal With Them?


A phobia is an unreasonable fear of a situation or object that is unlikely to harm you. The word itself is derived from the Greek word “phobos,” which means “fear” or “horror.” When someone has a phobia, they are extremely afraid of a certain thing or circumstance. Regular fears don’t create as much distress as phobias do. Phobias may interfere with your daily activities at home, work, or school. People with phobias actively avoid the object or situation they fear, or they endure it with intense fear or anxiety. But when they come across their triggers they might have a panic attack. This is a sudden, intense fear that lasts for several minutes and happens when there is no real danger. There are numerous types of phobias. Therapy sessions with a Psychiatrist in Lahore can help overcome some of the phobias. Keep reading to know more about phobias and how to fight them.

Types of phobias

There are numerous things or circumstances that someone could grow phobic of.

However there are two basic categories into which phobias fall:

  1. Specific or simple phobias: They often develop during childhood or adolescence and may become less severe as you grow older. They typically fall within five general categories:
  • fears related to animals (spiders, dogs, insects)
  • fears related to the natural environment (heights, thunder, darkness)
  • fears related to blood, injury, or medical issues (injections, broken bones, falls)
  • fears related to specific situations (flying, riding an elevator, driving)
  • other (fear of choking, loud noises, drowning)


  1. Complex phobias: Complex phobias tend to be more disabling than simple phobias.They typically appear during adulthood and are frequently accompanied with a deep-seated worry or anxiety about a certain condition or situation. Two most common complex phobias are:
  • Agoraphobia: Agoraphobia is commonly thought of as a fear of open places, but it’s considerably more complicated than this. A person with agoraphobia will have anxiety when they are in a place or circumstance from where it may be challenging to escape. As a result they might have a panic attack.


  • Social phobia: Social phobia, commonly referred to as social anxiety disorder, is characterized by anxiety in social settings. Due to fear of embarrassing oneself and being humiliated in front of others, someone who suffers from social phobia may avoid speaking in front of others.

Causes of phobia

Phobias do not seem to have a single cause, but there are a number of contributing factors.

  • An event or tragedy that occurred may be connected to a phobia.
  • Early exposure to a parent or sibling’s behavior may teach a child to develop phobias.
  • There is evidence that some people are born with a tendency to be more worried than others, so genetics may have a role to play.

Diagnosing phobias

Not all phobias receive a formal diagnosis. Most phobia sufferers are completely conscious of their condition.

Sometimes a person will decide to live with a phobia, taking great care to stay away from the thing or circumstance they’re scared of. But, if you have a phobia, trying to avoid your fear all the time could make it worse. If you need help overcoming a phobia, speak with your doctor. They might suggest that you seek help from a behavioural treatment expert, like a psychologist.


Phobias are treatable. Speaking to a psychologist in

Fauji Foundation Hospital is a first step in treating a phobia that has already been identified.

Most people discover that avoiding the cause of their fear helps them maintain control. As specific phobias are frequently controllable, many sufferers choose not to seek treatment.

Certain phobias’ triggers cannot be avoided, as is the case with complex phobias. Speaking with a mental health professional in these situations might be the first step towards recovery.

The doctor, psychiatrist, or psychologist may recommend behavioral therapy, medications, or a combination of both.

Following medications and therapies are effective for the treatment of phobias:

  • Beta blockers
  • Antidepressants
  • Tranquilizers
  • Desensitization, or exposure therapy
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)


An individual may experience real, continuous distress as a result of their phobias. Fortunately, most of the time, they can be treated, and oftentimes, the fear’s origin can be avoided. One thing you should never be frightened of if you have a phobia is asking for help.

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